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How can Lifestyle Choices Affect Infertility?

Infertility is generally identified after a couple has tried to conceive for over one year without success. In women this issue can be the result of several problems such as ovulation disorders, pelvic inflammatory disease, blocked Fallopian tubes or uterine fibroids. Features that can cause infertility in men may include oligospermia (very few sperm cells are produced) or azoospermia(no sperm cells are produced).

It is commonly assumed that this condition occurs only in women; it affects both genders. There are several lifestyle choices that can increase the risk of infertility such as Smoking, consuming too much alcohol, mental stress and poor diet are all known to affect fertility. Apart from these, certain medical conditions such as Poly-Cystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS), endometriosis, premature ovarian failure, congenital problems related to hormones (like LH/FSH) or organs (like uterus, tubes & ovaries) etc. also cause early onset of infertility.

Here are some of the major lifestyle factors that affect fertility:

1. Tobacco usage: Recent studies found that even submissive smoking is likely to cause infertility. World Health Organization (WHO) reported in 2015 that the prevalence of tobacco use in India is at 17% and India is known to have one of the highest prevalence of smokeless tobacco use. Hence, smoking cigarettes or chewing tobacco may distress spermatogenesis, which is the process of sperm cell development.

How can Lifestyle Choices Affect Infertility?

2. Use of contraceptives: Extended use of oral contraceptives significantly effects women’s fertility potential. It is known that contraceptives source hormonal imbalance in the body, thereby causing irregularity in a woman’s menstrual cycle. Sometimes it may take several months before the ovulation becomes normal again.

3. Consuming Alcohol : Heavy and prolonged alcohol consumption can also cause imbalances in the hormones of the reproductive systems of women and can also damage sperm in men. Fertility in men is exaggerated in terms of reduced seminal quality, low testosterone levels, decrease in semen volume and sperm count, etc. Even moderate alcohol intake (~ 5 drinks/week) can damage conception.

4. Unhealthy diet : Implementing a healthy diet that includes foods known to improve reproductive health and boost fertility can increase the chances of healthy ovulation. Dietitians often recommend eating organic foods and cold water fish such as salmon, increasing the intake of whole grains and drinking freshly squeezed fruit juices like citrus pones help couples who are trying to conceive.

Hence, It is important for young women to lead a healthy lifestyle, guaranteeing a balanced diet and regular exercise. A doctor consultation is recommended in case of extended or irregular menstrual cycle for early evaluation. Couples who fail to conceive after one year of marriage and women who plan to start a family after 35 years of age are recommended to get fertility check done. Today numerous advanced infertility treatments are made available in India, however 70% of all cases require only minimum treatment.

So, If you have been trying to conceive for at least one year without success, it is likely that your lifestyle could be a contributing factor.

Contact Srijan Fertility Center, which is the Best Fertility Center in Hyderabad and has fertility specialist doctors to give you expert advice on Infertility Issues and help you conceive.

Male Infertility Causes

Male Infertility is any health issue in a man that lowers the chances of his female partner getting pregnant.

About 13 out of 100 couples can't get pregnant with unprotected sex. There are many causes for Infertility in men and women. In over a third of infertility cases, the problem is with the man. This is most often due to problems with his sperm production or with sperm delivery.

Infertility is defined clinically in women and men who cannot achieve pregnancy after 1 year of having intercourse without using birth control, and in women who have two or more failed pregnancies. Studies suggest that after 1 year of having unprotected sex, 15% of couples are unable to conceive, and after 2 years, 10% of couples still have not had a successful pregnancy. In couples younger than age 30 who are generally healthy, 20% to 37% are able to conceive in the first 3 months.

The main symptom of Infertility is not getting pregnant. There may be no other obvious symptoms. Sometimes, a woman with Infertility may have irregular or absent menstrual periods. In some cases, a man with Infertility may have some signs of hormonal problems, such as changes in hair growth or sexual function.

Most couples will eventually conceive, with or without treatment.

Male Infertility Causes

Making mature, healthy sperm that can travel depends on many things. Problems can stop cells from growing into sperm. Problems can keep the sperm from reaching the egg. Even the temperature of the scrotum may affect fertility. These are the main causes of male infertility:

  • Sperm Disorders
  • Varicoceles
  • Retrograde Ejaculation
  • Immunologic Infertility
  • Obstruction
  • Hormones
  • Medication

The most common problems are with making and growing sperm. Sperm may:

  • Not grow fully
  • Be oddly shaped
  • Not move the right way
  • Be made in very low numbers (oligospermia)
  • Not be made at all (azoospermia)

Sperm problems can be from traits you're born with. Lifestyle choices can lower sperm numbers. Smoking, drinking alcohol, and taking certain medications can lower sperm numbers. Other causes of low sperm numbers include long-term sickness (such as kidney failure), childhood infections (such as mumps), and chromosome or hormone problems (such as low testosterone)

There are a variety of risk factors, medical conditions, and medications that can also affect fertility.

Is infertility diagnosed?

Your doctor will usually ask for your medical history, conduct a physical examination and do a semen analysis. This will check the number, shape and movement of your sperm. They might also take a blood test to check the levels of hormones that control sperm production or for genetic testing. In some cases, your doctor will test your urine to see if sperm are present, which can occur when there is retrograde ejaculation. Sometimes your doctor will recommend an ultrasound, MRI, or a testicular biopsy, which is a small surgery to remove tissue for testing.

What are the treatments for infertility?

One in eight infertile men have a treatable condition, and after treatment, couples can become pregnant naturally.

In some cases, your doctor will recommend that you and your partner seek assisted reproductive treatment (used to achieve pregnancy), such as in vitro fertilisation (IVF). These methods don’t cure or treat the cause of infertility, but they can help you and your partner get pregnant, even if your sperm count is very low.

At this stage, there are no treatments to fix genetic causes of infertility. For those who can’t father children naturally, assisted reproductive treatment offers the best chance for you to have biological children.

Can I do anything to prevent male infertility?

There are a number of things that can harm the production of sperm, so it’s best to avoid:

  • Smoking cigarettes
  • Drinking excess alcohol
  • Catching sexually transmitted infections
  • Heat stress from tight fitting underwear
  • Anabolic steroids taken for body building or sporting purposes.

If you work somewhere that may affect your fertility, it’s important to wear protective clothing and to follow all occupational health and safety guidelines. We also recommended that couples trying to conceive stay away from harmful chemicals.

Intrauterine insemination (IUI)

This method is also called artificial insemination. The man produces a sperm sample that is then injected through a catheter into the woman’s uterus right around the time when she is ovulating. She may get medicine beforehand to help her ovulate.

Assisted reproductive technology (ART) Assisted reproductive technology (ART) combines the sperm and eggs outside the body, and then places the embryos into the uterus. The main type of ART is in vitro fertilization (IVF). Before IVF, the woman will get a series of injections to help her ovaries produce a lot of eggs. Once those eggs are mature, they’ll be removed using a simple surgical procedure. The eggs are fertilized with her partner’s sperm. Fertilized eggs, known as embryos, are grown in the lab for a few days. One or two good quality embryos are then transferred into the uterus. Other ARTs are: Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI). One healthy sperm is injected into an egg. Assisted hatching. The embryo cover is opened to help it implant more easily in the uterus. Donor eggs or sperm. If there’s a problem with the eggs or sperm, you can get either one from a healthy donor. Another woman carries your baby to term for you.

Catering to men as well as women, Srijan Fertility Centre is Hyderabad’s premier destination for advanced infertility diagnosis and treatment. It offers a large array of fertility treatments like IVF/ICSI, IUI, egg freezing, etc. The qualified and experienced doctors at Srijan Fertility Centre offer accurate medical advice and advanced infertility treatments. Schedule an appointment today!

How Does PCOS affect Fertility ?

With nearly one-third of all infertility diagnoses in women, One of the most common reasons a woman has trouble getting pregnant is a condition called polycystic ovary syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a condition involving hormonal imbalances and metabolism problems.

This condition affects the ovaries, but doesn’t necessarily lead to infertility. You can get pregnant. However, PCOS is a common cause of infertility.

Between 5% and 10% of women between 15 and 44, or during the years you can have children, have PCOS.1 Most women find out they have PCOS in their 20s and 30s, when they have problems getting pregnant and see their doctor. But PCOS can happen at any age after puberty.

Women of all races and ethnicities are at risk of PCOS. Your risk of PCOS may be higher if you have obesity or if you have a mother, sister, or aunt with PCOS.

While it’s not impossible for a woman with PCOS to get pregnant on her own, many women do need to seek care from a fertility specialist.



Symptoms can occur at any age or time during a person’s reproductive years. Symptoms can also change over time.

Some of the most common symptoms of PCOS include the following:

  • abnormal hair growth on the face, chest, or back
  • acne or a darkening of the skin
  • weight gain
  • thinning hair on the head
  • infertility
  • irregular periods
  • ovarian cysts
  • depression
  • increased skin tags
  • Not everyone with PCOS will have the same signs or symptoms.


For those women trying to conceive a pregnancy, the first step in treatment of PCOS is lifestyle modification, including a healthy diet and exercise. The diets shown to be most successful in PCOS patients include those with lower carbohydrates, a reduced glycemic load. Recommended exercise in PCOS patients is at least 30 minutes of moderate exercise three times per week, with daily exercise being the ultimate goal.

Women with PCOS syndrome do not ovulate (release eggs) regularly and therefore have irregular menstrual cycles. Therefore, treatment for infertility caused by PCOS is directed at getting the woman to ovulate also call this “induction of ovulation”

Pregnancy success rates with induction of ovulation vary considerably and depend on:

  • The age of the woman
  • The type of PCOS meds used
  • Whether the medication used is effective at stimulating ovulation in that woman
  • Whether there are other infertility factors present in the couple

In general, successful treatment resulting in pregnancy is more likely to occur in the first 3 to 4 months of treatment. After that, the monthly success rate drops off considerably.

Many women who have PCOS are overweight or obese. And it's also obesity can make PCOS symptoms worse. However, PCOS does not discriminate and can affect women of all shapes and sizes.

The relationship between weight and PCOS has to do with the body's inability to use insulin properly, which can lead to weight gain.

That's why getting into the habit of eating healthy and exercising regularly is recommended as part of most women's treatment plan.

PCOS is a condition that involves a hormonal imbalance that can interfere with ovulation.

Some people with PCOS have difficulty getting pregnant. There are effective treatments, though.

With medical intervention, many people with fertility problems due to PCOS are able to conceive. It’s also important to note that PCOS doesn’t mean you can never get pregnant. Always use contraception if you don’t want to conceive, even if you have PCOS.

Srijan Fertility Centre is Hyderabad’s premier destination for advanced infertility diagnosis and treatment. It offers a large array of fertility treatments like IVF/ICSI, PGS/PGD, IUI, egg freezing, etc. The qualified and experienced doctors at Srijan Fertility Centre offer accurate medical advice and advanced infertility treatments. Schedule an appointment today!!


Many women need special medical treatment to help them get pregnant. This kind of treatment is called fertility treatment.

Infertility is when you’re not able to get pregnant (conceive) after one year (or longer) of having unprotected sex.

Fall seven times, stand up eight.’ – A Japanese proverb. You will become a parent if that is your core heart’s desire!

So, if you’re wondering


At, SRIJAN FERTILITY CENTER our goal is to help patients become parents. It is the best IVF Clinic in Kompally. Together, our fertility specialists have decades of experience helping men and women on their fertility journey.For pregnancy to happen, sperm from a male needs to be joined with an egg from a female. For many couples without infertility, this may happen when:

  • A woman’s body releases an egg from one of her ovaries (also called ovulation)
  • A man’s sperm joins the egg along the way (also called fertilize)
  • The fertilized egg travels through the fallopian tube toward the uterus (womb)
  • The fertilized egg attaches to the inside of the uterus (implantation)


What kinds of fertility treatments are there?

There are several kinds of fertility treatment. You, your partner and fertility experts at Srijancan decide which treatment gives you the best chance of getting pregnant and having a healthy pregnancy. Common treatments include:

  • Surgery to repair parts of your or your partner’s reproductive system. For example, you may need surgery on your Fallopian tubes to help your eggs travel from your ovaries to your uterus.
  • Controlled ovarian hyper stimulation
  • In vitro fertilization (IVF)
  • Intracytoplasmic sperm injection

SRIJAN is the best fertility center in Hyderabad which provides fertility & infertility treatments.You can book an appointment with our fertility experts to know more about IVF treatments.


Infertility is pointedly affecting the present generation. Appreciatively, modern science has given increase to methods like IVF and ICSI to contest infertility, allowing duos to expect success in having a baby.

In this blog, we discuss some of the details why couples should choose for In vitro fertilisation (IVF) for their pregnancy and infertility problems.

IVF: IVF is the fertilisation procedure where an egg combines with sperm external to the body, in vitro. The method includes the intensive care and stimulation of a woman’s ovulatory procedure, eliminating an ovum or ova from the woman’s ovaries and allowing sperm fertilise them in a laboratory. Patients who are incapable to conceive after routine methods of treatment, severe male factor, and tubal issue uterine causes, single parents, how sexuality etc can go for IVF.

Why should patients choose IVF? The patients opt for IVF due to the following reasons:


  • Fallopian tube damage or blockage. Fallopian tube damage or blockage makes it hard for an egg to be fertilized or for an embryo to fold away to the uterus.
  • Ovulation disorders. If ovulation is rare or absent, fewer eggs are accessible for fertilization.
  • Endometriosis. Endometriosis happens when tissue similar to the lining of the uterus implants and produces the exterior of the uterus — often upsetting the function of the ovaries, uterus and fallopian tubes.
  • Uterine fibroids. Fibroids are kind tumours in the uterus. They are common in women in their 30s and 40s. Fibroids can inhibit implantation of the fertilized egg.
  • Previous tubal sterilization or removal. Tubal ligation is a kind of sterilization in which the fallopian tubes are cut or blocked to permanently avoid pregnancy. If you wish to conceive after tubal ligation, IVF may be a substitute to tubal ligation reversal surgery.
  • Impaired sperm production or function. Below-average sperm concentration, weak movement of sperm (poor mobility), or abnormalities in sperm size and shape can make it difficult for sperm to fertilize an egg. If semen abnormalities are found, a visit to an infertility expert might be required to see if there are correctable difficulties or underlying health concerns.
  • Unexplained infertility. Unexplained infertility means no reason for infertility has been found despite evaluation for mutual reasons.
  • A genetic disorder. If you or your partner is at risk of passing on a genetic disorder to your child, you may be candidates for preimplantation genetic testing — a process that includes IVF. After the eggs are harvested and fertilized, they're screened for genetic difficulties, even though not all genetic difficulties can be initiated. Embryos that don't comprise recognized problems can be relocated to the uterus.
  • Fertility preservation for cancer or other health conditions. If you're about to flinch from cancer treatment — such as radiation or chemotherapy — that could damage your fertility, IVF for fertility preservation may be a choice. Women can have eggs collected from their ovaries and frozen in an unfertilized state for future use. Or the eggs can be fertilized and frozen as embryos for upcoming use.

Srijan Fertility Center is here to assist you for your fertility treatments. Visit the best fertility center in Hyderabad to get your IVF treatment done.

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